Richard J. Sherwood, Ph.D.

Department:
Community Health
Title:
Director, Morphological Sciences & Biostatistics, Professor, Community Health and Pediatrics
Address:
Res Park-Lifespan, 3171 Research Blvd, Dayton, OH 45420-4006
Phone:
937-775-1462

Major Active Projects

  • Craniofacial growth and development
  • Genetic architecture of the human craniofacial and dentognathic complex
  • Genetic architecture of the baboon craniofacial complex
  • Skeletal maturity methods
  • Comparative anatomy of primates

Professional Positions
Current

  • 2010-present: Professor, Division of Morphological Sciences and Biostatistics, Department of Community Health. Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine (Primary appointment)
  • 2010-present: Professor, Department of Pediatrics. Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine (Secondary appointment)
  • 2011-present: Director, Division of Morphological Sciences and Biostatistics, Department of Community Health. Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
  • 2011-present: Co-Director, Fels Longitudinal Study

Adjunct

  • 2011-present: Adjunct Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Case Western Reserve University, School of Dental Medicine.

Past

  • 2008-2011: Director, Lifespan Health Research Center, Department of Community Health. Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
  • 2005-2010: Associate Professor, Lifespan Health Research Center, Department of Community Health. Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine (Primary appointment)
  • 2008-2010: Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics. Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine (Secondary appointment)
  • 2004-2005: Adjunct Associate Professor of Community Health, Lifespan Health Research Center, Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH
  • 1998-2005: Assistant Professor, Anthropology, African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI.
  • 2003-2004: Visiting Scientist, Lifespan Health Research Center, Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH.
  • 1997-1998: Visiting Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
  • 1995-1997: Research Associate, Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA
  • 1995-1996: Postdoctoral Fellow, Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT
  • 1994-1995: Visiting Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT
  • 1993-1994: Teaching assistant, Anatomy, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH
  • 1992-1995: Anatomy assistant Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH
  • 1992: Lecturer, Anthropology, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH
  • 1990-1992: Teaching Fellow, Lecturer, Anthropology, Kent State University, Kent, OH
  • 1989: Lecturer, Anthropology, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH
  • 1988: Teaching assistant, Anatomy, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH

Honors

  • Society for Craniofacial Genetics (Past-President, 2009-present)
  • Society for Craniofacial Genetics (President, 2008-2009)
  • Society for Craniofacial Genetics (Vice President, 2006-2008)
  • American Association of Anthropological Genetics (Past-President 2010-present)
  • American Association of Anthropological Genetics (President 2009-2010)
  • American Association of Anthropological Genetics (Vice President 2008, President-Elect 2009)
  • American Association of Anthropological Genetics (Executive committee member 2006-2008)

Funded projects

  • 2015-present: R01 DE024732. National Institute of Craniofacial and Dental Research (NIH). R.W. Nahhas, P.I., K.P. McNulty, H.S. Oh, M. Valianthan, R.J. Sherwood, Co-I. Craniofacial Growth Prediction in Different Facial Types.  Score 20, Percentile 2.0. Expected Start date 4/1/2015.
  • 2014-present: R01 AR055927 National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH). D.L. Duren, P.I., R.J. Sherwood, R.W. Nahhas, T.E. Doom, B. Zemel, Co-I. Updating Skeletal Maturity Methods for US Children.
  • 2014-present: Translational Grant Development Program, Boonshoft School of Medicine. D.L. Duren, E. Ey (Co-PI), R.W. Nahhas, R.J. Sherwood, T. Wischgoll, T.E. Doom, T.N. Hangartner (Co-I), FelsXpress: A Semi-Automated Computer Program for Assessment of Skeletal Maturity in Children.
  • 2013-present: Emerging Science Seed Grant.  Boonshoft School of Medicine.  R.J. Sherwood (PI), D.L. Duren, K.P. McNulty (Co-I). The Geometry and ARchitecture of Craniofacial Inheritance.
  • 2011-2014: R03 DE021435 National Institute of Craniofacial and Dental Research (NIH). R.W. Nahhas, P.I., R.J. Sherwood, Co-I. Longitudinal Modeling of Craniofacial Growth Trajectories.
  • 2005-2009: R01 DE018497 National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH). R.J. Sherwood, P.I., D.L. Duren, J. Subedi, B. Towne, S. Williams-J. Blangero VandeBerg co-I. Genetic Architecture of the Dentognathic Complex.
  • 2009-2011: R01 AR055927 National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases/National Institute of Childhood Health and Development. National Institutes of Health. Wm.C. Chumlea, P.I., D.L. Duren, co-PI, R.J. Sherwood, R. Nahhas, co-I. Updating Skeletal Maturity Methods for US Children.
  • 2008- present: American Association of Orthodontists Foundation. L.A. Will, J.A. McNamara, S. Baumrind, T.E. Southard, D.A. Covell, C. Evans, R.J. Sherwood, G.F. Currier, M.G. Hans, B.D. Tompson, E. Richardson. The AAOF Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection: Pilot and Planning Application.
  • 2007-present: R01 HD12252 National Institute of Childhood Health and Development (NIH). R.M. Siervogel, P.I. S.A. Czerwinski, D.L. Duren, R.J. Sherwood, B. Towne, co-I. Adiposity, Disease Risk Factors, and Lifetime Health
  • 2005-present: R01 DE016692 National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH). R.J. Sherwood, P.I., D.L. Duren, B. Towne, R. Siervogel co-I. Genetic Architecture of the Human Craniofacial Complex.
  • 2005-2008: R21 DE016408 National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH). R.J. Sherwood, P.I., D.L. Duren, M.C. Mahaney, B. Towne co-I. Genetic Architecture of the Baboon Craniofacial Complex.
  • 2004-2006: Southwest National Primate Research Center Pilot Study Program (NIH P51 RR13986 to the Southwest National Primate Research Center). R.J. Sherwood, P.I., D.L. Duren, M.C. Mahaney, B. Towne co-I. Genetic Influences on Craniofacial Growth in the Baboon.
  • 2008-present: Wright State University, Early Start/Augmentation Grant. D.L. Duren, P.I., R.J. Sherwood, B. Towne, co-I. Healthy joints: Genetic and Environmental Influences.
  • 2003-2004: Graduate School, U. Wisconsin. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Origin of the Genus Homo.
  • 2002-2003: Graduate School, U. Wisconsin. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Survey of the Mbeya District, Tanzania.
  • 2001-2002: National Geographic Society. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. J.D. Kingston, Co-P.I. Paleontological Survey of the Lake Rukwa Basin, Tanzania. #6977-01.
  • 2001-2002: Graduate School, U. Wisconsin. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Biogeographic Diversity of Early Hominins.
  • 2000-2002: National Science Foundation. R.J. Sherwood, P.I., J.D. Kingston, Co-P.I. Paleontological Survey of the Lake Rukwa Basin, Tanzania. BCS-0080804.
  • 2000-2002: Cleveland Museum of Natural History. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Archiving and Database Management of CMNH Radiographic Collection.
  • 2000-2001: Graduate School, U. Wisconsin. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Paleontological Survey of the Lake Rukwa Basin, Tanzania.
  • 1999-2000: Graduate School, U. Wisconsin. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Comparative Basicranial Anatomy of Hominoids with Implications for Human Evolution.
  • 1993-1994: The L.S.B. Leakey Foundation. R.J. Sherwood, P.I. Internal Morphology of the Temporal Bone of Hominoids. B-3103.
  • 1992-1993: National Science Foundation, Dissertation Improvement Grant, Anthropology Program. Dr. S. Ward P.I., R.J. Sherwood co-P.I., The Hominid Temporal Bone: Ontogeny and Phylogenetic Implications. DBS-9208364.

Select Publications and Presentations

  • Chumlea WC, Choh A, Lee M, Towne B, Sherwood RJ, Duren D, Czerwinski S, and Siervogel RM. 2009. The first seriatim study into old age for weight, stature and BMI: the Fels Longitudinal Study. J Nutr Health Aging 13:3-5. PM:19151900.
  • Chumlea WmC, Choh AC, Lee M, Sherwood RJ, Duren DL, Czerwinski SA, Towne B, and Siervogel RM. 2008. The Fels Longitudinal Study 80 years. J Child Growth Develop (Japan) 6:177.
  • Chumlea WmC, Nahhas RW, Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2013. The FELS method of skeletal maturity. In: Katzmarzyk PT, coelho e Silva J, editors. Growth and Maturation in Human Biology and Sports, Festschrift Honoring Robert M. Malina. Coimbra University Press.
  • Demerath EW, Choh AC, Czerwinski SA, Lee M, Sun SS, Chumlea WC, Duren D, Sherwood RJ, Blangero J, Towne B, and Siervogel RM. 2007. Genetic and environmental influences on infant weight and weight change: the Fels Longitudinal Study. Am J Hum Biol 19:692-702. PM:17639582.
  • Duren DL, Blangero J, Sherwood RJ, Seselj M, Dyer T, Cole SA, Lee M, Choh AC, Chumlea WC, Siervogel RM, Czerwinski SA, and Towne B. 2011. Cortical bone health shows significant linkage to chromosomes 2p, 3p, and 17q in 10-year-old children. Bone 49:1213-1218. PM:21907839.
  • Duren DL, Nahhas RW, and Sherwood RJ. 2015. Do Secular Trends in Skeletal Maturity Occur Equally in Both Sexes? Clin Orthop Relat Res. PM:25716212.
  • Duren DL, Seselj M, Froehle AW, Nahhas RW, and Sherwood RJ. 2013. Skeletal growth and the changing genetic landscape during childhood and adulthood. Am J Phys Anthropol 150:48-57. PM:23283664.
  • Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Choh AC, Czerwinski SA, Chumlea WC, Lee M, Sun SS, Demerath EW, Siervogel RM, and Towne B. 2007. Quantitative genetics of cortical bone mass in healthy 10-year-old children from the Fels Longitudinal Study. Bone 40:464-470. PM:17056310.
  • Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Chumlea WC, Siervogel RM, and Towne B. 2006. Radiographic joint space of the knee in healthy young adults. Hum Biol 78:353-364. PM:17216807.
  • Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Czerwinski SA, Chumlea WC, Demerath EW, Sun SS, Siervogel RM, and Towne B. 2008a. Genetic architecture of knee radiographic joint space in healthy young adults. Hum Biol 80:1-9.
  • Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Czerwinski SA, Lee M, Choh AC, Siervogel RM, and Chumlea WmC. 2008b. Body composition methods: comparisons and interpretation. J Diabet Sci Tech 2:1147-1150.
  • Froehle AW, Laughlin RT, Teel DD, Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2014. Excess body weight loss is associated with nonpathological gait patterns in women 4 to 5 years after bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 24:253-259. PM:24008625.
  • Froehle AW, Nahhas RW, Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2013. Age-related changes in spatiotemporal characteristics of gait accompany ongoing lower limb linear growth in late childhood and early adolescence. Gait Posture 38:14-19. PM:23159678.
  • Iossi MF, Konstantakos EK, Teel DD, Sherwood RJ, Laughlin RT, Coffey MJ, and Duren DL. 2013. Musculoskeletal function following bariatric surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:1104-1110. PM:23666763.
  • Lee M, Choh AC, Demerath EW, Knutson KL, Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Sun SS, Chumlea WM, Towne B, Siervogel RM, and Czerwinski SA. 2009. Sleep disturbance in relation to health-related quality of life in adults: the fels longitudinal study. J Nutr Health Aging 13:576-583. PM:19536428.
  • Lee M, Choh AC, Williams KD, Schroeder V, Dyer TD, Blangero J, Cole SA, Chumlea WC, Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Siervogel RM, Towne B, and Czerwinski SA. 2012. Genome-wide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci underlying normal variation in heel bone ultrasound measures. J Nutr Health Aging 16:8-13. PM:22237995.
  • Lee M, Nahhas RW, Choh AC, Demerath EW, Duren DL, Chumlea WC, Sherwood RJ, Towne B, Siervogel RM, and Czerwinski SA. 2011. Longitudinal changes in calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measures during childhood. Osteoporos Int 22:2295-2305. PM:20976593.
  • Nahhas RW, Choh AC, Lee M, Chumlea WM, Duren DL, Siervogel RM, Sherwood RJ, Towne B, and Czerwinski SA. 2010. Bayesian longitudinal plateau model of adult grip strength. Am J Hum Biol 22:648-656. PM:20737612.
  • Nahhas RW, Sherwood RJ, Chumlea WC, and Duren DL. 2013a. An update of the statistical methods underlying the FELS method of skeletal maturity assessment. Ann Hum Biol 40:505-514. PM:23992229.
  • Nahhas RW, Sherwood RJ, Chumlea WC, Towne B, and Duren DL. 2013b. Predicting the timing of maturational spurts in skeletal age. Am J Phys Anthropol 150:68-75. PM:23283666.
  • Nahhas RW, Valiathan M, and Sherwood RJ. 2014. Variation in onset, duration, intensity, and direction of adolescent growth in the mandible, maxilla, and cranial base: the Fels Longitudinal Study. Anat Rec (Hoboken ) 297:1195-1207. PM:24737730.
  • Seselj M, Duren DL, and Sherwood RJ. 2014. Heritability of the human craniofacial complex. Anat Rec.
  • Seselj M, Nahhas RW, Sherwood RJ, Chumlea WC, Towne B, and Duren DL. 2012. The influence of age at menarche on cross-sectional geometry of bone in young adulthood. Bone 51:38-45. PM:22513271.
  • Sherwood RJ. 1986. Dietary Adaptations of the Plio-Pleistocene Hominidae. In: Kent State University.
  • Sherwood RJ. 1995. The Hominid Temporal Bone: Ontogeny and Phylogenetic Implications. In: Kent State University.
  • Sherwood RJ. 1998. Review of "Children of the Ice Age: How a global catastrophe allowed humans to evolve" by Steven Stanley. Rep Nat C Sci Edu 18:22-23.
  • Sherwood RJ. 1999. Pneumatic processes in the temporal bone of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla). J Morphol 241:127-137. PM:10420159.
  • Sherwood RJ. 2004. Review of "Human Paleobiology" by Robert Eckhardt. Rep Nat C Sci Edu 24:36-37.
  • Sherwood RJ. 2005. The Ape in the Tree: An Intellectual & Natural History of Proconsul (review). Am J Hum Biol 17:826-827.
  • Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2008. Genetics of the craniofacial complex. In: Enlow DH, Hans MG, editors. Essentials of Facial Growth. Ann Arbor: Needham Press, Inc. p. p 402-412.
  • Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2012. Variation, genetics, and evolution of the primate craniofacial complex. In: Duggirala R, Commuzzie T, Williams-Blangero S, Kole C, editors. Genome Mapping and Genomics in Human and Non-Human Primates. Springer.
  • Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2013a. Growth of a species, an association, a science: 80 years of growth and development research. Am J Phys Anthropol 150:1-4. PM:23283658.
  • Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2013b. The genetics of morphology. In: Begun DR, editor. A Companion to Paleoanthropology. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. p. p 306-320.
  • Sherwood RJ, and Duren DL. 2015. Variation, genetics, and evolution of the primate craniofacial complex. In: Duggirala R, Almasy L, Williams-Blangero S, Paul SFD, Kole C, editors. Genome Mapping and Genomics in Human and Non-Human Primates. Springer.
  • Sherwood RJ, Duren DL, Demerath EW, Czerwinski SA, Siervogel RM, and Towne B. 2008a. Quantitative genetics of modern human cranial variation. J Hum Evol 54:909-914. PM:18394677.
  • Sherwood RJ, Duren DL, Havill LM, Rogers J, Cox LA, Towne B, and Mahaney MC. 2008b. A genomewide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci influencing the craniofacial complex in baboons (Papio hamadryas spp.). Genetics 180:619-628. PM:18757921.
  • Sherwood RJ, Duren DL, Mahaney MC, Blangero J, Dyer TD, Cole SA, Czerwinski SA, Chumlea WC, Siervogel RM, Choh AC, Nahhas RW, Lee M, and Towne B. 2011. A genome-wide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci influencing the craniofacial complex in humans (Homo sapiens sapiens). Anat Rec (Hoboken ) 294:664-675. PM:21328561.
  • Sherwood RJ, Duren DL, Subedi J, and Williams-Blangero S. 2013. Dissecting the genetic influence of the orofacial complex. FASEB Journal 27:519.6. ISI:000319883502427.
  • Sherwood RJ, Hlusko LJ, Duren DL, Emch VC, and Walker A. 2005. Mandibular symphysis of large-bodied hominoids. Hum Biol 77:735-759. PM:16715835.
  • Sherwood RJ, and McNulty KP. 2011. Dissecting the genetic architecture of craniofacial shape. In: Lestrel PE, editor. Biological Shape Analysis: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium. Singapore: World Scientific. p. p 145-171.
  • Sherwood RJ, Meindl RS, Robinson HB, and May RL. 2000. Fetal age: methods of estimation and effects of pathology. Am J Phys Anthropol 113:305-315. PM:11042534.
  • Sherwood RJ, Robinson HB, May RL, and Meindl RS. 1992. Standardized residuals as a means for detection of growth alteration in the pathologic human fetus. Teratology 46:419-427. PM:0001462246.
  • Sherwood RJ, Robinson HB, Meindl RS, and May RL. 1997. Pattern and process of growth of the abnormal human fetus. Hum Biol 69:849-871. PM:9353979.
  • Sherwood RJ, Rowley RB, and Ward SC. 2002a. Relative placement of the mandibular fossa in great apes and humans. J Hum Evol 43:57-66. PM:12098210.
  • Sherwood RJ, Ward S, Hill A, Duren DL, Brown B, and Downs W. 2002b. Preliminary description of the Equatorius africanus partial skeleton (KNM-TH 28860) from Kipsaramon, Tugen Hills, Baringo District, Kenya. J Hum Evol 42:63-73. PM:11795968.
  • Sherwood RJ, Ward SC, and Hill A. 2002c. The taxonomic status of the Chemeron temporal (KNM-BC 1). J Hum Evol 42:153-184. PM:11795973.
  • Towne B, Williams KD, Blangero J, Czerwinski SA, Demerath EW, Nahhas RW, Dyer TD, Cole SA, Lee M, Choh AC, Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Chumlea WC, and Siervogel RM. 2008. Presentation, heritability, and genome-wide linkage analysis of the midchildhood growth spurt in healthy children from the Fels Longitudinal Study. Hum Biol 80:623-636. PM:19728540.
  • Williams KD, Blangero J, Cottom C, Lawrence S, Choh A, Czerwinski SA, Lee M, Duren DL, Sherwood RJ, Dyer T, Subedi J, Jha B, Williams-Blangero S, and Towne B. 2007. Heritability of brachydactyly type A3 in children, adolescents, and young adults from an endogamous population in Eastern Nepal. Hum Biol 79:609-622.
Education History: 

Kent State University, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, 1995

Kent State University, M.A., Anthropology, 1986

University of California, Berkeley, B.A., Anthropology, 1983

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